|"Japan has an extremely rich textile history.
The arts of weaving, dyeing, and embroidery have always played a
crucial role in determining the cultural climate of the country and continuing
respect for these traditional skills has secured Japan's present position
as a major force in the world of textile design."--Japanese Country Textiles
|Most of these KASURI (ikat) fabrics
are cotton that was indigo-dyed many years ago.. Kasuri textiles
are produced by the weaving of pre-dyed yarns in which portions of the
yarn are tightly bound or compressed prior to being dyed. The
dye does not penetrate these protected areas when the yarn is dipped
into the dye bath. This produces a yarn that is partly white and
partly colored. The yarn is then used as warp or weft (or both) so
that a pattern, with slightly blurred edges, emerges as the cloth is woven.
Great skill is required of the dyer to bind the yarn in exactly the right place and of the weaver to ensure the pattern will appear as planned. One of the most striking characteristics of Japanese kasuri is the use of free form and realistic designs ("picture kasuri"), often used with geometric motifs.
Many of these kasuri textiles were futon
|YUZEN dyeing is a complex process
combining paste-resist dyeing and painting, making it possible to dye a
fabric with a complicated design. The most common method today
is a hand-painted one. In this method the design pattern is outlined
with a resist paste which is extruded from a funnel shaped utensil with
a nozzle set at the tip. This resist paste is used to outline the
motif, the inside of which is then dyed in colors. Next, all
of the dyed section is coated with resist paste and the background is dyed
with strokes of a brush or immersion. Steam is used to set
the dyes and the fabric is washed to remove excess paste. When
washed the first resist leaves delicate white threadlike outlines.
NISHIJIN textile weaving features intricately woven brocades of colorful dyed yarns. These beautiful fabrics are designed with great precision. The design is transferred to graph paper and then computerized. It is woven using very, very fine silk threads dyed colors chosen by the weaver. An example of the fineness of the weaving was seen in a 17-inch section that took 5000 weft threads. Both hand and power looms are used.
CONTEMPORARY textiles offer beauty rooted in traditions, with technical innovations.
"For centuries Japan has been associated with a rich textile tradition and was a leading center of cotton, and silk production, but in recent years it has emerged as an influential and vital force in this industry.--Structure and Surface, Contemporary Japanese Textiles
Among the textiles shown here are a silk triple designed by Eiji Miyamoto and a doubleweave of silk organdy and feathers (hand-inserted as it was woven) designed by Reiko Sudo.
|In the largest sense of its meaning the
word KIMONO means clothing (thing to wear). In the twentieth
century, it came to mean Japanese style clothing.
Photos by Lori Manning Berg
Copyright © 2002.
The Dining Room at 209 Main
Men Who Knit
Quilts by the Thursday Friends
WEAVING WITH SEWING THREAD
HISTORIC MONTICELLO WOOLEN MILL
Katherine Pence Inspired by Everything
WHY DO I SPIN?
THE EARLY KNITTED WORKS OF JOYCE WILLIAMS